Bronze Age aurochs skeleton from Porlock Bay

Aurochs bones within cabinet on display
The bones on display (© ENPA 2014)

What is it?

These are the skeletal remains of an aurochs (Bos primigenius), a now extinct species of cattle from which nearly all species of domestic cattle are descended. The remains include the pelvis, a few ribs and part of the backbone and are thought to be from a bull. The bones show that the animal had suffered a series of injuries in its life, including a fracture to its pelvis that would have caused it to limp and three ribs showing healed fractures. There are also signs of an infection around one of these rib fractures that may have led to the animal's death. The bones have been Radiocarbon dated to 1738-1450 BC, during the Bronze Age period.

Where was it found?

It was exposed by erosion on Porlock Beach in October 1996 and later recovered through excavation work.

Why is it important?

The skeleton may represent one of the last examples of this species in Britain. You can view further information about the skeleton in the monument record for the Aurochs.

Full scale drawing of aurochs on wall of Porlock Visitor Centre
Reconstruction drawing of aurochs at Visitor Centre (© ENPA 2014)

Where can I see it?

The aurochs skeleton is on display at Porlock Visitor Centre, which also presents a full size outline illustration of how the aurochs may have looked, drawn by the West Somerset Community College's art department (see image).